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DOTS Division

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.


a) A four digit number (in base 10) aabb is a perfect square. Discuss ways of systematically finding this number. (b) Prove that 11^{10}-1 is divisible by 100.

Latin Numbers

Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?

Multiplication Magic

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Here is something to try on your friends.

Ask a friend for a three digit number and suppose she says 314 then you immediately echo her number in your reply "Did you know that 241314 is exactly divisible by 37?"

Another friend gives 628 and you say "Amazing, 628371 is exactly divisible by 37 as well!"

When they check they find you are correct.

In general if the friend gives the number $abc$ you give $abcdef$ or $defabc$ where $a+d = b+e = c+f = x$ where $1 \leq x \leq 9$.

Why does this work?

You can even do the same trick with nine digit numbers. Your friend suggests 143 and you say, immediately "Another multiple of 37 is 143110635!"

You use exactly the same technique. Take your friend's number and think of two more three digit numbers such that the sum of the first digits, the sum of the second digits and the sum of the third digits are all the same.

Explain why the trick works for nine digit numbers.