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Roman Numerals

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:
It might help if you break the numbers down into thousands, hundreds, tens and units.

Here are some examples to help you follow the rules:

What number is "XII"?

Using rule number one, and breaking the number down into tens and units:
X= ten
II= two
The two comes after the ten, and so we add two to ten, and get the number 12.

What about "IX"?

This time, we use rule number two:
X=ten
I= one.
The one comes before the ten, and so we subtract one from ten, and get the number 9.