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Pyramidal N-gon

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The base of the pyramid has $n$ edges, so also has $n$ vertices around the base. This then means that there are $n$ edges around the base (in red) of the pyramid and $n$ that meet at the apex (in black).

Therefore there are $2n$ edges in total.

There are also $n$ faces that meet at the apex of the pyramid, and one more for the base, so a total of $n+1$ faces.

Therefore the difference is $2n - (n+1) = n-1$.
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.