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Have You Got It?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Traffic Lights

The game uses a 3x3 square board. 2 players take turns to play, either placing a red on an empty square, or changing a red to orange, or orange to green. The player who forms 3 of 1 colour in a line wins.

Yih or Luk Tsut K'i or Three Men's Morris

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and knot arithmetic.

Nim-7 for Two

Age 5 to 14
Challenge Level

Here's a game to play with an adult! This is a basic form of the ancient game of Nim.

How do you play?
You'll need an adult to play with.
You will also need seven objects, such as counters or blocks.

Place the seven counters in a pile and starting with the adult, take turns to take away either one or two counters.
The person who takes the last counter, or last counters, wins.

You could watch the video below which shows a game being played:

Swap who goes first, and keep playing until you work out a winning strategy.

Does it matter who has the first turn?
What happens when there are three counters left?
How can you win at this game?
What happens when you start the game with more counters?

There are more Nim-like games here.


Notes for adults

This game offers a motivating context in which children can improve their logical thinking skills. It is a low threshold high ceiling game.

Easier version: record a game and look back together at key moments.
Harder version: try starting the game with different numbers of counters.

Repeat the game, aiming to find a winning strategy, then talk together about how it was found.

There's a classroom version of this game here, which includes a video of the game being played.