Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the importance of not jumping to conclusions!

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

A game to be played against the computer, or in groups. Pick a 7-digit number. A random digit is generated. What must you subract to remove the digit from your number? the first to zero wins.

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Number problems for inquiring primary learners.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Nowadays the calculator is very familiar to many of us. What did people do to save time working out more difficult problems before the calculator existed?

Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in ascending order, what is the 512th number?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What is that base?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the resulting numbers.

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?