Why do this problem?
would be good for children to work on in pairs. It encourages logical thinking and working systematically.
Gather children around a table or sit in a circle on the floor. Lay out ten counters as shown and explain the task to the group. Spend some time trying out suggested moves, which will help clarify the 'rules'. Children can then go and work on the task in pairs, using counters or a similar resource.
It would be worth having a mini-plenary after 10 minutes or so, to share possible strategies and any insight gained so far.
The final plenary could focus on the solution but equally could involve pairs suggesting advice for other children tackling this task for the first time.
How will you remember what you've done so far?
Have you found a good first move? Why is it good?
Children could try other numbers of counters, some of which may not be possible!
It might help to make a 'track' with positions numbered for the counters. Some learners might benefit from trying this simpler problem