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Do Unto Caesar

At the beginning of the night three poker players; Alan, Bernie and Craig had money in the ratios 7 : 6 : 5. At the end of the night the ratio was 6 : 5 : 4. One of them won $1 200. What were the assets of the players at the beginning of the evening?

Plutarch's Boxes

According to Plutarch, the Greeks found all the rectangles with integer sides, whose areas are equal to their perimeters. Can you find them? What rectangular boxes, with integer sides, have their surface areas equal to their volumes?


Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

Racing Odds

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

This is a nice solution from Andrei of School 205 Bucharest. Thank you Andrei.

Looking at the first race.

If the odds are 2 to 1 against the rhinoceros, then the probability that the rhinoceros will win is 1/(1 + 2) = 1/3. For the hippopotamus, the probability that he will win is 2/(2 + 3) = 2/5.

The total probability (that there is a winner) is 1. So, the probability that the elephant will win is:

1 -1/3 -2/5 = 4/15

So, the odds for him are 11 to 4 against the elephant.