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### Number and algebra

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### Working mathematically

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### Advanced mathematics

# Square Pair Circles

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Age 16 to 18

Challenge Level

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

A small circle fits between two touching circles so that all three circles touch each other and have a common tangent? What is the exact radius of the smallest circle?

Given any three non intersecting circles in the plane find another circle or straight line which cuts all three circles orthogonally.

Here is a pattern for you to experiment with using graph drawing software. Find the equations of the graphs in the pattern.