Why do this problem?
assesses and extends children's understanding of telling the time. Many children have difficulties with this, which is not surprising when you realise that analogue clocks are two dials super-imposed on one another.
The clock pictures and digital times can be downloaded here. These can be printed (and possibly laminated), then cut into separate cards. You could provide a set of cards for each pair, or they could be enlarged and used by a group of up to four children.
This task is probably best introduced with a minimum of teacher talk. Simply give each pair or group the cards and invite them to order the times. Give them plenty of time to tackle the challenge and try to step back. You may wish to stop them after some time to discuss what they have done so far so that ideas are shared among the whole class. This sheet of empty clock faces could be useful if children prefer to put all the times in the same format. The 24 hour clock times could be tackled by those who finish earlier than others. [Download here].
In the plenary, encourage children to explain how they went about the task, rather than only focusing on their final answer. Listen out for children who realise that the hour hand or hour digit/s is the one to look at first. If there are disagreements about the order, invite pairs or groups to try and justify their thinking. None of the times mention am/pm (in the twelve-hour version) so it
will be interesting to see how the children cope with this and whether it comes up in their conversations. This may mean that there are several different solutions to the task and this is where children's justifications of their decisions are key.
What does that hand tell you?
Which of the clocks shows the earliest time? How do you know?
Learners could try the problem Two Clocks
or make up their own problem cards using this sheet
Suggest trying the easier related problem What's the Time?
. A geared clock might also be useful to show different times. (If the clock is not geared it is much too easy to show impossible times.)