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Odd Differences

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Triangular Triples

Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.


Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?

Robert's Spreadsheet

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you predict where $29^2$ will appear? Or $34^2$? Or $52^2$?
Where are the odd square numbers?
Are there diagrams that could help you to show what happens when you square an odd number (or an even number)?
By representing an odd number as $2n+1$, can you explain any of the patterns in the odd square numbers?