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Modular Fractions

We only need 7 numbers for modulus (or clock) arithmetic mod 7 including working with fractions. Explore how to divide numbers and write fractions in modulus arithemtic.


Decipher a simple code based on the rule C=7P+17 (mod 26) where C is the code for the letter P from the alphabet. Rearrange the formula and use the inverse to decipher automatically.

Double Time

Crack this code which depends on taking pairs of letters and using two simultaneous relations and modulus arithmetic to encode the message.

Inverting Rational Functions

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level
In this problem use the definition that a rational function is defined to be any function which can be written as the ratio of two polynomial functions.

Consider these two rational functions

f(x)=\frac{2x+9}{x+2}\quad\quad g(x)=\frac{9-2x}{x-2}
Show that they are inverses of each other, in that
What happens for the values $x=\pm 2$?

Can you invert the rational function


Do rational functions always have inverse functions? Why?

In the examples given here, the inverses of our rational functions were also rational functions. Will this be the case more generally? Why not explore more generally or try to find inverse pairs of rational functions?

As you consider these rational functions, many questions might emerge in your mind such as: "do rational functions have fixed points?" or "Is there a relationship between the asymptotes in a function and the zeroes of its inverse?". Why not make a note of these questions and ask your teacher, yourself or your friends to try to solve them?