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# The Lorentz Force Law

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

In Cartesian coordinates, the position ${\bf r}$ of the charged particle at time $t$ is determined by three functions$x(t), y(t), z(t)$, so that $${\bf r} = (x(t), y(t), z(t))$$

In component form, the Lorentz force law becomes

$$\left(\frac{m}{q} \ddot{x}, \frac{m}{q} \ddot{y}, \frac{m}{q} \ddot{z}\right) = \left( E_x+\dot{y}B_z-\dot{z}B_y, E_y+\dot{z}B_x-\dot{x}B_z, E_z+\dot{x}B_y-\dot{y}B_x \right)$$

You can then equate components to make three separate (simultaneous) differential equations.

Try differentiating these to solve for particular cases of ${\bf E}$ and ${\bf B}$.

You can make life easier for yourself by supposing the the electric and magnetic fields do not change over time.