You may also like

problem icon

Sums of Squares

Prove that 3 times the sum of 3 squares is the sum of 4 squares. Rather easier, can you prove that twice the sum of two squares always gives the sum of two squares?

problem icon

Double Time

Crack this code which depends on taking pairs of letters and using two simultaneous relations and modulus arithmetic to encode the message.

problem icon


Given the mean and standard deviation of a set of marks, what is the greatest number of candidates who could have scored 100%?

Whose Line Graph Is it Anyway?

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Numbered charts
Process Graph Equation Explanation
1 6 H In a food-limited environment bacteria tend to maximum number after initial exponential growth (following lag phase)
2 5 B Concentration will exponentially decay as drug is metabolised
3 9 E Pendulum will have an sinusodial motion with a decaying amplitude due to damping from air resistance
4 7 I Ideal gas equation $pV = nRT$ therefore pressure and volume are in a reciprocal relationship
5 2 A Ball is small and heavy, therefore assume air resistance is negligible at first and so acceleration is constant. $s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2$ therefore for $u=0;\ a=g \Rightarrow s=\frac{1}{2}gt^2$ (qualitatively vertical speed represented by gradient of graph is increasing)
6 1 F As concentration of reagent increases so does reaction rate, however as increase continues concentration of the catalyst becomes the limiting factor (saturation)
7 4 G When not food limited, bacteria follow exponential growth after initial lag phase
8 3 D Hours of daylight varies from a maximum at mid-summer to minimum at mid-winter, with a mean value of 12
9 8 C Earth's orbit is not perfectly circular therefore small oscillations about mean distance (1 AU) with period of one year (note non-zero origin on vertical axis)