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### Number and algebra

### Geometry and measure

### Probability and statistics

### Working mathematically

### For younger learners

### Advanced mathematics

# The Genes of Gilgamesh

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Age 14 to 16

Challenge Level

- Problem
- Getting Started
- Student Solutions
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This is an interesting, quick question for use whilst studying
genetics and will draw the learners in to the mathematical issues
surround inheritance and fractions.

Discuss the question before attempting a detailed solution.
Some students might see it as possible to make (GGM), others might
see it as impossible. The challenge will be in explaining clearly
why this is or is not the case. Do not allow students to get away
with saying 'it is obvious' one way or the other. A full
explanation will require clear reasoning, and this should be
encouraged. Help by asking 'why is it obvious?' Part of the
subtlety will be that the parents, grandparents and other
generations could be made from a variety of mixes of (GM). Students
will need to be clear that they have considered this point.

- Do you think that it is possible to make (GGM)?
- What other ratios (e.g. GGGGMM) would be equivalent to (GGM)?
- What possible fractions would be within 1% of (GGM)?

- Generally speaking, starting from a stock of pure G and pure M, can you determine thestock of all possible descendants?
- Can students invent a similar question of their own?

Students struggling to get started could be asked directly to
work out possible great-grandparents for (GM), (GGGM),
(GGGGGGGM)