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Parallelogram in the Middle

Weekly Problem 27 - 2013
The diagram shows a parallelogram inside a triangle. What is the value of $x$?

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Tangram Area

Weekly Problem 29 - 2008
The seven pieces in this 12 cm by 12 cm square make a Tangram set. What is the area of the shaded parallelogram?


Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Congratulations Christian,Nisha and Suzann, The Mount School York for seeing just how simple this problem really is - just two right angled triangles. Well done also to Sarah and Alice from the same school; they used 'half ab sin C ' but 'half base times height' is really all that is needed.

The kite is made up of two triangles if we divide it along it's axis of symmetry.

If we call b the base of the triangle then its maximum height has got to be a , see the diagram below.

The area of this triangle is:

A = b x h

and h will always be smaller than a as a is the hypotenuse of the right-angled triangle made up of the green lines and side a .

The maximum value of the area of the triangle will be when h = a , so the maximum area of the triangle is :

A = b x a

and the area of the kite will just be b x a

If the rods are made into a parallelogram it won't change things because the parallelogram is made up of the same two triangles as the kite.

This means that the parallelogram of maximal area is actually a rectangle, well done!