## Cube Drilling

This activity is all about imagining, like you might when you listen to a story or poem.

There is no need to write or draw anything

BUT

talking about it could be good!

Imagine a 4 by 4 by 4 cube hanging in front of you with just the front face facing you.

The cube is made up of 4x4x4, 64 cubes.

You drill a hole through the four corner cubes, that are facing you, all the way through to the back.

A friend looks down on the cube, from above, and they also drill four holes through their four corner cubes all the way through to the bottom.

You and your friend examine all the 64 small cubes.

How many will not have holes drilled through them?

What if the same kind of activity happened with a new 4 by 4 by 4 cube but, this time, you drill holes through the four centre cubes that are facing you and your friend drills holes through the four centre cubes that are facing them.

You and your friend examine all the 64 small cubes.

How many will not have holes drilled through them?

Please do send in your solutions, describing how you worked them out.

### Why do this problem?

The whole idea of this problem is to invite children to picture something in their mind. Pupils will need to be familiar with properties of a cube. Visualising, in this problem, includes picturing something in your head and "doing something to it". This is a useful tool to have when solving problems. The problem focuses entirely on visualisation in order to encourage pupils to have a go at
imagining. The more opportunities we give children to practise visualisation, the more comfortable they will become with using it of their own accord. Those pupils who manage it may very well wonder "What would happen if . . .?" and their curiosity starts being put into place and they therefore continue to explore further.

Possible approach

Ideally, it would be good to encourage your class to tackle this challenge purely by trying to imagine what is happening.

To convince you and each other of their solutions, they will need to explain particularly carefully what they are picturing, which can be quite tricky, and you may find that they gesticulate rather a lot! In order to reach a joint conclusion, you might find it helpful to make a model of the cube from interlocking cubes.

Key questions

When you drill your holes, can you picture which small cubes have got holes in them?

How many do you drill holes in?

Now think about your friend. Can you picture the small cubes that he or she drills holes in?

Are any of the cubes your friend drills ones that you've already drilled?

Are some of these cubes ones that you haven't already drilled?

Possible extension

Children could investigate different ways of drilling holes.

Possible support

It would be a good idea to try

Start Cube Drilling before tackling this problem as that would make a nice introduction.