## Matching Triangles

These triangles belong to three different families.

All the triangles in the same family are the same shape.

But they may not be the same size or the same way up.

Can you sort them out and explain how you did it?

Or you could print off pictures of the triangles (here as a Word document or here as a pdf), then cut them out and sort them practically.

**Why do this problem?**

This activity is a good one to try with young children once they are familiar with the properties of a triangle. Often, they associate the name "triangle" with a shape in a particular orientation and this problem is an excellent way to challenge this assumption. Other children may dismiss all three-sided shapes
as triangles without looking at their other attributes. The activity will require pupils to look carefully at each shape and scrutinise its properties.

### Possible approach

You could start by asking the group to tell you what they know about triangles. You could then ask one child to draw a triangle on the board and ask someone else to draw a different triangle. Invite the group to talk about what is the same and what is different about them. In this way, the discussion will include shape, size and orientation, but you could draw some triangles yourself to bring
out certain aspects.

Next you could project the image of the triangles onto the interactive whiteboard, or show them the triangles on these sheets. (The first page has the triangles in colour, the second in black and white so that it can be photocopied.) Introduce the task and encourage the group to work in pairs
with a set of cut-out triangles so that they are able to talk through their ideas with a partner. Listening to their justifications can reveal a lot about their understanding of similar triangles, even though this terminology is not used.

You can draw the class together for mini plenaries, as appropriate, perhaps to share misunderstandings or ways of working. Once the majority of pairs have grouped their triangles in some way, invite the class to wander around the room looking at the arrangements. What do they notice? Do they have any questions?

### Key questions

What do you see if you turn this triangle round? Do the two look the same shape now?

What is the difference between these two triangles and what is the same?

### Possible extension

Children could draw their own families of triangles and label the differences and similarities.

### Possible support

Use one of these sheets so that the triangles can be cut out, then rotated and placed on top of one another. (The first page has the triangles in colour, the second in black and white.)