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A Knight's Journey

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.


Make a footprint pattern using only reflections.

Knights Moving

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

While it may be tempting, and fun, to simply try to do the puzzle as it for a while, there is a rather nice way of simplifying the problem.


By joining up each of the squares that are connected by a knights move, we can reduce the problem down to a graph, where the knights can move along connected nodes.


Knights image






The graph turns out to be rather simple! All of the squares end up on a single line, with the single square 'B' branching off.


Clearly, by moving the pieces along one node at a time, the only place where any swapping can happen is at B. The quickest way would be to swap W1 and B1 , and swap W2 and B2 (otherwise there would be even more swapping. There are two ways of doing this:


Swapping W1 and B1, then W2 and B2: 

  • W2: 6 to 7
  • W1: 2 to 6
  • B1: B to 2
  • W1: 6 to 3 (we've now swapped W1 and B1, making room for the next swap)
  • W2: 7 to B
  • B2: 8 to 4
  • W2: B to 8
  • B2: 4 to 6.
  • W1: 3 to B. Done! 28 moves


Swapping W2 and B2, then W1 and B1:

  • B1: B to 3
  • W2: 6 to B
  • B2: 8 to 4
  • W2: B to 8
  • B2: 4 to 7 (we've swapped W2 and B2, making room for the next swap)
  • B1: 3 to 6
  • W1: 2 to B
  • B1: 6 to 2 (we've now swapped W1 and B1)
  • B2: 7 to 6. Done! 28 moves

So the minimum number of moves is 28.