Two points, one inside a circle and the other outside, are related in the following way :
A line starting at the centre of the circle and passing through the first point ($P$) goes on to pass through the second point ($P'$)
Positions along the line are such that the ratio of $OP$ to the radius of the circle matches the ratio of the radius of the circle to $OP'$
For example if $OP$ happened to be $2/3$ of the radius then $OP'$ would be $3/2$ of the radius.
You can use the interactivity below to help you explore how the positions of a pair of points relate to each other.
Once you have a feel for how the points $P$ and $P'$ relate to each other, use the checkbox to add a point $Q$ and its corresponding point $Q'$.
What do you notice about triangles $OPQ$ and $OQ'P'$, where $O$ is the origin?
In this diagram, the radius of the circle is 10 units, $OP$ is 8 units and $OQ$ is 6 units.
If the distance $PQ$ is 5 units what is the distance $P'Q'$?