DOTS Division

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Common Divisor

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Hypotenuse Lattice Points

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

There's Always One Isn't There

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Take any pair of numbers, say 9 and 14.

Take the larger number, 14, and count up by that amount :

Then divide each of the values by 9, your chosen smaller number, and look at the remainders.

Notice there's a one.

Now do the same again but using different numbers, say 7 and 12.

Counting in twelves and dividing each result by 7 :

Again somewhere in those remainders is a one.

Pick the pairs how you like, somewhere there'll always be a one - won't there?

What actually happens?

Why?