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Double Digit

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. Try lots of examples. What happens? Can you explain it?

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Digit Sum

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

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Big Powers

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.


Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Tim from Gravesend Grammar School and Mohammad Afzaal Butt both sent us similar solutions to the problem. Well done Tim and Mohammad. Here is Mohammad's solution:

Let the three digit number be $xyz$. Hence the six digit number will be $xyzxyz$. Now
$$\eqalign { xyzxyz  &= 100000x + 10000y + 1000z + 100x + 10y + z \cr
&= 100100x + 10010y + 1001z \cr
&= 1001 (100x + 10y + z) \cr
&= 7 \times 11 \times 13 (100x + 10y + z)} $$ Hence the number $xyzxyz$ is always divisible by $7$, $11$ and $13$.