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CD Heaven

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at each price?

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A Change in Code

There are two sets of numbers. The second is the result of the first after an increase by a constant percentage. How can you find that percentage if one set of numbers is in code?

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Pied Piper

How many rats did the Pied Piper catch?

Percentage Unchanged

Age 14 to 16 Short Challenge Level:

Answer: 9.09090...% 

Using scale factors
 Area is unchanged so ?% of 110% = 100%
$$\begin{align} \tfrac{?}{100}\times110 &= 100\\
? &= \tfrac{1000}{11} \text{ or } 90.90909...\end{align}$$ So the width is decreased by $100-90.90909...=9.090909...\text{ or }\frac{100}{11}=9\frac1{11}$

Using algebra
The area of the original rectangle was $wb$


The area of the altered rectangle is $pw \times 1.1b$


Since the two areas are equal,

$1.1 pwb = wb$


$1.1 p = 1$

so $p = \frac{1}{1.1} = \frac{10}{11}$

So the width is $\frac{10}{11}$ of its original value, so it has been decreased by $\frac1{11}$, which as a percentage is $9$ and $\frac1{11}\%$, or $9.09\%$ to 2.d.p.

You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.