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A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

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Ladder and Cube

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At a Glance

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?

Equilateral Areas

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

John wrote:

Areas of triangles using triangluar measure generate the square numbers
$1, 4, 9, 16, 25$.
So the two triangles $3$ and $4$ were a fairly special case as $3^2 + 4^2 = 5^2$

But there are others that work such as $5, 12,13$ - that is Pythagorean Triples.

In the original problem $a = 3$ and $b = 4$, so $3^2 + 4^2 = c^2$ giving $c = 5$.

This was essentially just another way of looking at Pythagoras's theorem.

In general:

The formula for the area of an equilateral triangle with side $x$ is

$\text{Area} = \frac{x^2\sqrt3}{4}$

So with the two triangles with sides a and b respectively, we are looking for a third triangle with area:
$$\frac{c^2\sqrt3}{4} = \frac{a^2\sqrt3}{4} + \frac{b^2\sqrt3}{4} $$

This simplifies to give $c^2 = a^2 + b^2$, which is Pythagoras's theorem. This also means that it is possible to find a triangle whose area is the sum of any two triangles, although the sides will not necessarily be integer lengths.