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# Squares in Rectangles

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### Square Areas

### 2001 Spatial Oddity

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Age 11 to 14

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A $2$ by $3$ rectangle contains $8$ squares:

six small $1\times 1$ squares and two larger $2 \times 2$ squares

A $3$ by $4$ rectangle contains $20$ squares:

twelve $1\times1$ squares, six $2 \times 2$ squares and two $3 \times 3$ squares

Consider rectangles with a height of $2$ units.

Increase their width by $1$ unit at a time.

What effect does this have on the total number of squares?

Make a note of the number of squares in rectangles with a height of $2$ units.

Do you notice anything special?

Use your results to decide whether a rectangle with a height of $2$ units can contain exactly $100$ squares?

What about rectangles with a height of $3, 4, 5, \ldots$?

Draw up a table of results.

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.