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# Half a Triangle

Well done Arun from National Public School, Bangalore, India, some quality thinking in devising this solution.

We are given a triangle $ABC$ , and are required to draw a line $DE$ parallel to $CB$ such that it divides the triangle into $2$ of equal areas.

We also know that the ratio of the areas of the two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of corresponding sides.

Which means that the line ratio $AD$:$AC$ must be $1 : \sqrt{2}$

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Well done Arun from National Public School, Bangalore, India, some quality thinking in devising this solution.

We are given a triangle $ABC$ , and are required to draw a line $DE$ parallel to $CB$ such that it divides the triangle into $2$ of equal areas.

The area of triangle $ABC$ is double the area of $AED$.

But, $ADE$ and $ACB$ are similar triangles because $DE$ is parallel to $CB$We also know that the ratio of the areas of the two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of corresponding sides.

Which means that the line ratio $AD$:$AC$ must be $1 : \sqrt{2}$

The problem becomes : how to locate $D$ to achieve this
ratio.

A square of side length $1$ has a diagonal length of$
\sqrt{2}$

or, put another way, an isosceles right-angled triangle has a
hypotenuse $ \sqrt{2}$ times bigger than the other sides.

Here is a construction to achieve this required ratio.

$X$ is any suitable point on $AD$

$ZX$ is perpendicular to $AC$, and $ZX$ is equal in length to $AX$.

So $AXZ$ is an isosceles right-angled triangle.

By sweeping an arc centre $A$ from $X$ to $AZ$ at $N$, $AN$ is made equal to $AX$

$AN$ to $AZ$ is now in the required ratio.

Drawing from $N$ parallel to $ZC$ the point $D$ is reached.

Because $AND$ and $AZC$ are similar triangles, $AD$ and $AC$ are in the required ratio.

Excellent and simple!

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