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Baby Circle

A small circle fits between two touching circles so that all three circles touch each other and have a common tangent? What is the exact radius of the smallest circle?

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Two perpendicular lines are tangential to two identical circles that touch. What is the largest circle that can be placed in between the two lines and the two circles and how would you construct it?

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Ten squares form regular rings either with adjacent or opposite vertices touching. Calculate the inner and outer radii of the rings that surround the squares.


Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

$BO$ is a tangent to the two equal circles and hence angle $BOC$ is a right angle. If $OC=$3 units then the large outer circle has radius $6$ units. Pythagoras' theorem will give the radius of the circle centre $B$. You cannot assume that angle $BAC$ is a right angle.