Challenge Level

As $x$ and $y$ change the points $S$, $P$, $Q$ and $R$ always lie on the circle with $SQ$ as diameter and the angles of the quadrilateral $SPQR$ remain the same. (See the problem Strange Rectangle from November 2001.)

Taking

$x = \sqrt{3}$ and $y = 1$

find all the angles in this figure and the exact values of the sine, cosine and tangent of these angles in surd form.Now take

$x = \sqrt{2} + 1$ and $y = 1$

and find the exact values of the trigonometric ratios for $22.5^o$ and $67.5^o$