Challenge Level

Suppose that initially the jewels in $P$ are worth $(a + b + 5000)$,

and those in $Q$ are worth $(c + d + e)$.

The average value in $P$ at the start is $\frac {a + b + 5000}3$

After the jewel has been moved it is $\frac{a + b}2$.

Therefore:

\begin{equation}

\frac {a + b + 5000}3 = \frac{a + b }{2} - 1000

\end{equation}

Multiplying by $6$ and collecting like terms gives $a + b = 16000$

The average value in $Q$ at the start is $\frac {c + d + e}3$

After the jewel has been moved, the average value is $\frac{c + d + e + 5000}4$

Therefore:

\begin{equation}

\frac {c + d + e}3 = \frac{c + d + e + 5000}{4} - 1000

\end{equation}

Multiplying by $12$ and collecting like terms gives $c + d + e = 3000$.

Therefore the total value is

$$a + b + 5000 + c + d + e = 16000 + 5000 + 3000 = 24000$$

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.

You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.