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Jewellery Boxes

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level


Suppose that initially the jewels in $P$ are worth $(a + b + 5000)$,
and those in $Q$ are worth $(c + d + e)$.

The average value in $P$ at the start is $\frac {a + b + 5000}3$

After the jewel has been moved it is $\frac{a + b}2$.
Therefore:
\begin{equation}
\frac {a + b + 5000}3 = \frac{a + b }{2} - 1000
\end{equation}
Multiplying by $6$ and collecting like terms gives $a + b = 16000$


The average value in $Q$ at the start is $\frac {c + d + e}3$

After the jewel has been moved, the average value is $\frac{c + d + e + 5000}4$
Therefore:
\begin{equation}
\frac {c + d + e}3 = \frac{c + d + e + 5000}{4} - 1000
\end{equation}
Multiplying by $12$ and collecting like terms gives $c + d + e = 3000$.


Therefore the total value is
$$a + b + 5000 + c + d + e = 16000 + 5000 + 3000 = 24000$$


 

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.