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### For younger learners

# Triangle Pin-down

## Triangle Pin-Down

### Why use this activity?

### Possible approach

### Key questions

### Possible extension

### Possible support

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Age 7 to 11

Challenge Level

- Problem
- Getting Started
- Student Solutions
- Teachers' Resources

A right-angled triangle has been drawn on the four-pin board above left.

Can you draw the same type of triangle on a three-pin board?

How many pins could there be on the board for you to be able to draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

What kind of triangle is drawn on the six-pin board above?

How many pins could there be on the board for you to be able to draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

Can you name the type of triangle drawn on the nine-pin board above?

On what size board could you draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

You might like to use the interactivity to try out your ideas.

Once you have chosen the number of dots you need, select the line drawing tool. Click on two points to draw a line between them.

For printable sets of circle templates for use with this activity, please see Printable Resources page.

Many thanks to Geoff Faux who introduced us to the merits of the 9 pin circular geoboard.

For further ideas about using geoboards in the classroom, please see Geoff's publications available through the Association of Teachers of Mathematics (search for 'geoboards').

This activity encourages children to explore the angles and relative lengths of sides of different triangles that can be made on pinboards. All the angles can be worked out using angles at the centre of a circle and the fact that the three angles in a triangle sum to $180^{\circ}$. No more complex geometric knowledge is required.

It might help for learners to have copies of blank peg boards to record their work on. These can be downloaded here:

Sheet of three-peg boards

Sheet of four-peg boards

Sheet of five-peg boards

Sheet of six-peg boards

Sheet of seven-peg boards

Sheet of eight-peg boards

Sheet of nine-peg boards

Teachers may find the article Angle Measurement: An Opportunity for Equity to be of interest.

The task can be introduced to the whole class using an interactive whiteboard and involving the children in contributing to decisions about their answers.

The children could then try the task for themselves either on computers or using the sheets of geoboard pictures. Once they have had a chance to explore, support them in feeding back their solutions to the rest of the class. Different groups might work on different numbers of pegs.

The key questions are given in the text of the problem but here they are again:

Can you draw the same type of triangle on a three-pin board?

How many pins could there be on the board for you to be able to draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

What kind of triangle is drawn on the six-pin board?

How many pins could there be on the board for you to be able to draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

Can you name the type of triangle drawn on the nine-pin board?

On what size board could you draw the same type of triangle?

Do you notice anything about the number of pins for which this is possible?

You could extend the problem to pinboards with more pins on them and learners could explore the relationship between the number of pins, the shapes and angles involved.

Children will find this easier if they have the opportunity to engage with the task on real pinboards. They may also find it difficult to record their results. Encorange them to draw or mark the lines from the centre to the edge of the triangles.

How can the school caretaker be sure that the tree would miss the school buildings if it fell?

Billy's class had a robot called Fred who could draw with chalk held underneath him. What shapes did the pupils make Fred draw?