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Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

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Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

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Loopy

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

Triangles Within Squares

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Well explained by Tom, from Cottenham Village College

The answer I got for $T_n$ is: $8T_n+1=(2n+1)^2$

The $2n+1$ part is because the diagram looks like this for $T_3$
square arrangement
$2T_n$ form a rectangle $n$ by $n+1$

The four rectangles rotate around the centre and together make a square of side $n+(n+1)$

So we get the equation $8T_n+1=(2n+1)^2$