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Gold Again

Without using a calculator, computer or tables find the exact values of cos36cos72 and also cos36 - cos72.

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Pythagorean Golden Means

Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.

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Golden Triangle

Three triangles ABC, CBD and ABD (where D is a point on AC) are all isosceles. Find all the angles. Prove that the ratio of AB to BC is equal to the golden ratio.

Golden Eggs

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

ellipse and annulus
1) An ellipse with semi axes $a$ and $b$ fits between two circles of radii $a$ and $b$ (where $b> a$) as shown in the diagram. If the area of the ellipse is equal to the area of the annulus what is the ratio $b:a$?

(2) Find the value of $R$ if this sequence of 'nested square roots' continues indefinitely: $$R=\sqrt{1 + \sqrt{1 + \sqrt {1 + \sqrt {1 + ...}}}}.$$