Rationals Between...

What fractions can you find between the square roots of 65 and 67?

There's a Limit

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Not Continued Fractions

Which rational numbers cannot be written in the form x + 1/(y + 1/z) where x, y and z are integers?

Diagonal Touch

Age 14 to 16 Short Challenge Level:

$\frac{16}{81}$ is shaded.

Let $x$ and $y$ be the distances shown. Then the shaded area is $8y + x$. But there are a number of similar triangles and from one pair $${x\over8} = {y\over1}$$ i.e. $$x = 8y$$ So, $$\frac{\mbox{shaded area}}{\mbox{total area}} = \frac{8y + x}{9(x + y)} = \frac{8y + 8y}{9 \times 9y} = \frac{16}{81}$$
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.