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### Number and algebra

### Geometry and measure

### Probability and statistics

### Working mathematically

### For younger learners

### Advanced mathematics

# Can You Prove It?

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Three Neighbours

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Three Consecutive Odd Numbers

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Adding Odd Numbers

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Where Are the Primes?

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What Does it All Add up To?

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Different Products

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Impossible Sums

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Difference of Odd Squares

## You may also like

### Patterns in Number Sequences

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Creating convincing arguments or "proofs" to show that statements are always true is a key mathematical skill. The problems in this feature offer you the chance to explore number patterns and create proofs to show that these are always true.

Many of the problems in this feature include proof sorting activities which challenge you to rearrange statements in order to recreate clear, rigorous proofs.

The last day for sending in your solutions to the live problems is Monday 31 January.

Plus magazine has a selection of interesting articles about proofs here.

Age 7 to 14

Challenge Level

Take three consecutive numbers and add them together. What do you notice?

Age 11 to 16

Challenge Level

How many sets of three consecutive odd numbers can you find, in which all three numbers are prime?

Age 11 to 16

Challenge Level

Is there a quick and easy way to calculate the sum of the first 100 odd numbers?

Age 11 to 16

Challenge Level

What can we say about all the primes which are greater than 3?

Age 11 to 18

Challenge Level

If you take four consecutive numbers and add them together, the answer will always be even. What else do you notice?

Age 14 to 16

Challenge Level

Take four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Age 14 to 18

Challenge Level

Which numbers cannot be written as the sum of two or more consecutive numbers?

Age 14 to 18

Challenge Level

$40$ can be written as $7^2 - 3^2.$ Which other numbers can be written as the difference of squares of odd numbers?

*We are very grateful to the Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research for their generous support for the development of these resources.*

These resources are designed to get you thinking about number sequences and patterns.