Challenge Level

Sketch the graph of the function $\text{h}$, where:

$$ \text{h}(x) = \frac {\ln x} x, \quad (x>0) $$

Some things you could think about when sketching a graph:

- Are there any values of $x$ for which the function is undefined?
- What happens as $x$ gets really large?
- What happens as $x$ gets close to 0?
- Can you find the gradient of the function? What does this tell you?

Hence, or otherwise, find all pairs of distinct positive integers $m$ and $n$ which satisfy the equation:$$n^m=m^n $$

"Hence" means that the previous part of the question should be useful in some way.

Does the function $\text{h}(x)=\frac {\ln x} x$ suggest anything you could do to the equation $n^m=m^n$?

Can you rearrange the equation so that $n$ is on one side and $m$ is on the other?

If you wanted to find two values such that $\text{f}(a) = \text{f} (b)$, how could you use a graph of $y=\text{f}(x)$ to help?

Does the function $\text{h}(x)=\frac {\ln x} x$ suggest anything you could do to the equation $n^m=m^n$?

Can you rearrange the equation so that $n$ is on one side and $m$ is on the other?

If you wanted to find two values such that $\text{f}(a) = \text{f} (b)$, how could you use a graph of $y=\text{f}(x)$ to help?

*STEP Mathematics I, 1988, Q1. Question reproduced by kind permission of Cambridge Assessment Group Archives. The question remains Copyright University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate ("UCLES"), All rights reserved.*