Challenge Level

This task is designed to encourage learners to think carefully about their choice of calculation method. Research shows that once introduced to a formal algorithm, within a year pupils tend to rely on it for all calculations, rather than selecting a method appropriate for the numbers involved, which is more likely to give a correct answer.

Read more about the benefits of having a flexible approach to calculation in our Let's Get Flexible! article.

Write up the calculation 62-58 on the board and give everyone a minute on their own to consider what they notice, emphasising that you're not interested in the answer yet. Then suggest that learners talk in pairs about their observations before bringing everyone together to share ideas. Try not to endorse contributions yourself, instead jot them all down on the board and encourage everyone in the class to ask questions or comment. You may find that some mention individual digits, some consider the meaning of the operation and some think about the size of the numbers involved. Some may give opinions about how difficult or not the calculation might be.

Next, give learners more time to talk in their pairs about how they would go about finding the answer. Make sure that all learners have access to any resources that they need, whether physical manipulatives and/or paper and pencils, or mini whiteboards and pens.

Rather than discussing the answer at this point, explain that you are going to show them a video of someone working on this subtraction calculation. Warn the class that the girl in the video makes a mistake and their job is to look out for it. Ask everyone to try to watch in silence as you play the video once all the way through. Give them a few minutes to talk in their pairs, and then play the video again so they can reflect on their conversation as they watch a second time. Then allow a little more time for the class to rehearse how they would put the mistake right.

Invite a pair to come to the board to talk through the mistake and how they would correct it. Again, try not to be the one to make judgements, instead ask the whole group what they think about the pair's suggestions. In this way, you can build up a whole group 'correction' and agree on the answer.

Ask whether any pairs used the same method as the girl in the video when they tried this calculation at the start of the lesson. What other methods did pairs use? Encourage the class to share their different ways of working so that you have a range to discuss. Allow at least five minutes to talk about the advantages and disadvantages of each method in this context. The fact that
the numbers in this calculation are very close to each other means that a mental strategy might be more efficient for many pupils, for example counting up (perhaps accompanied by jottings). It is important to acknowledge, though, that what is the most efficient method for *most* may not be the most efficient method for *all*. The crucial idea here is that learners realise they have
a choice.

What do you notice about the numbers involved?

Tell me about the calculation.

Where did the girl in the video make a slip-up?

What should she have done instead?

Being able to watch a video of someone else solving the question, and there being a mistake, takes the pressure off those learners who might become anxious about being given a calculation to solve correctly.

You could ask learners to create a calculation that they think particularly lends itself to being solved using each of the methods that the class discusses. Can they explain to someone else why they have 'matched' that particular calculation to that particular method?