Challenge Level

Lily from Jersey College for Girls found another possibility:

I found one possibilty for this question, and my answer became $3(x+2y) + 2(x+y)$, this would lead to $3x+6y + 2x+2y$, then the answer becoming $5x + 8y$.

Minjoon from Seoul Foreign British School found another one:

$a(x+y)+b(x-2y)$

$6x+6y-x+2y=5x+8y$

(so $a=6$ and $b=-1$)

Brian found a possibility using Alison's algebraic method:

$$a(x+2y)+b(2x+3y)=5x+8y\\\Rightarrow\begin{cases}ax+2bx=5x \\2ay+3by=8y\end{cases}\\

\Rightarrow\begin{cases} a+2b=5\\2a+3b=8\end{cases}\\

\Rightarrow a=1\hspace{4mm}\text{and}\hspace{4mm}b=2$$

Rishika from Nonsuch High School for Girls used her own algebraic method, similar to Alison's, to find all of the possibilities:

I used an algebraic method to find the multiples using the following method:

For example, $$a(x+y)+b(x+2y) = 5x+8y$$

{$a$ and $b$ represent the values of the multiples we need to find}

We can then form two equations if we substitute $x=0$ and $y=0$,

When $x=0$,

$$ay+2by = 8y$$

When $y=0$,

$$ax+bx = 5x$$

Then, we can cancel the like terms in each equation:

Equation 1: $a+2b = 8$

Equation 2: $a+b = 5$

Which we can solve simultaneously:Equation 2: $a+b = 5$

Equation 1 - Equation 2 (as '$a$' is present in both): $b = 3$

Substitute into Equation 2: $a = 2$

Therefore, $2 (x+y) +3 (x+2y) = 5x+8y$Substitute into Equation 2: $a = 2$

I repeated this for all other possibilities.

Rishika made some mistakes, but these are the ones that Rishika found correctly:

$$\begin{align}2 (x+y) &+3 (x+2y) \hspace{4mm}\text{{from above}}\\

6 (x+y) &-1 (x-2y)\\

4 (x+y) &+1 (x+4y)\\

1 (x+2y) &+2 (2x+3y)\\

\end{align}$$

Rishika identified all of the possible pairs of expressions. Can you use Rikisha's method, or any other method, to find multiples of these pairs that add up to $5x+8y$?

$(x+y)$ and $(2x+3y)$

$ (x+2y)$ and $(x-2y)$

$ (x+2y)$ and $(x+4y)$

$ (x-2y)$ and $ (x+4y)$

$(x-2y) $ and $ (2x+3y)$

$(x+4y)$ and $ (2x+3y)$