Total distance travelled to clear the bridge is 500 m (the front of the train ends up 500 m from where it started.)

So the train has travelled 500 m in 30 seconds.

30 seconds : 500 m

1 minute : 500 m$\times$2 = 1 km

1 hour : 1 km$\times$60 = 60 km

1 hour = 60 minutes = 60$\times$(2$\times$30 seconds) = 120$\times$(30 seconds).

That means there are 120 30-second intervals in an hour. So in an hour, the train would travel this distance 120 times.

120$\times$500 m = 60 000 m = 60 km.

You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.