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Counting Counters

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Cuisenaire Squares

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?


We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Lost Books

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

While we were sorting some papers we found $3$ strange sheets which seemed to come from small books. They had once been used for wrapping and one side was very faded. The other side was in a language we did not know, but there were page numbers at the foot of each page.

Pages of a book with page numbers 8, 21, 36 and 25.

Did the pages come from the same book, we wondered, and what numbers had been on the other sides of the sheets?

I decided to make a little book to see how the numbers worked. It had $4$ sheets which I folded to make $16$ pages. There was no need to staple it.


Then I made other little books, with both more and fewer pages. I made a table of my results and soon I knew how the numbering worked and could answer my own questions.

What answers do you think I got?

Later we found another sheet. The numbering on this was a bit different. Can you work out why?

Adjacent pages of a book with page numbers 59 on the left page and 14 on the right page.