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Age 11 to 14

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Why do this problem?

This problem strengthens students' understanding of place value and can help them to appreciate the power of algebra for solving number problems.

You may wish to work on the problems Always a Multiple and Special Numbers first.

Introduce the first problem:

**"I chose a two-digit number, divided it by 2, multiplied the answer by 9, and then reversed the digits. My answer was the same as my original number. Can you work out what my number was?"**

Give students time to think about the problem and discuss it with their neighbour. Then share approaches. If no-one has used algebra, introduce the idea of representing a two-digit number as 10a + b.

Next, give students the other three problems:

- I chose a two-digit number, added 1, divided the answer by 2, and then reversed the digits. My answer was the same as my original number! Can you find the number I chose?
- I chose a two-digit number, subtracted 2, divided the answer by 2, and then reversed the digits. My answer was the same as my original number! What was my number?
- Choose a number, subtract 10, divide by 2 and reverse the digits. What number should you start with to get an answer the same as your original number?

Choose a 3-digit number where the last two digits sum to the first (e.g. 615).

Rotate the digits one place, so the first digit becomes the last (so for the example, we get 156).

Subtract the smallest number from the largest and divide by 9 (which is always possible).

What do you notice about the result? Can you explain why?

These problems can all be solved using similar techniques:

Think of Two Numbers

Legs Eleven

Puzzling Place Value

Always a Multiple provides a geometric as well as an algebraic way of thinking about place value related number puzzles, and might be a useful introduction to the ideas used in this problem.

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. Try lots of examples. What happens? Can you explain it?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.