This practical activity offers a context in which children can develop their conceptual understanding of capacity.
For this activity, have a collection of cups/glasses/mugs available for the children to explore themselves. You may want to offer a context for the activity to link in with a current theme or story.
Pose some questions orally to the group, as in the problem, and encourage them to think about the answers by estimating and by eye at first. You could discuss their thinking and then give them the opportunity to test out their ideas, perhaps with water or sand.
In the plenary, you could pose a final challenge, such as how many of the smallest cup will be needed to fill the largest cup? Again, encourage estimation first before trying it out practically.
Tell me about your thinking.
How will you test out your ideas?
You could introduce a much, much smaller container, for example a spoon, and observe what the children do with it.
Some learners might need help with awkward pouring.