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Age 14 to 16 Short Challenge Level:
The equilateral triangle ABC has sides of length 1 unit and AB lies on the line XY. The triangle is rotated clockwise around B until BC lies on the line XY. It is then rotated similarly around C and then about A as shown in the diagram.
What is the length of the path traced out by point C during this sequence of rotations?

If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task that challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
You can find more short problems, arranged by curriculum topic, in our short problems collection.