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Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

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Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

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This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

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This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Proof does have a place in Primary mathematics classrooms, we just need to be clear about what we mean by proof at this level.

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Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

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What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

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Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

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This big box adds something to any number that goes into it. If you know the numbers that come out, what addition might be going on in the box?

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Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.

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Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

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Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

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I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

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This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

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In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

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Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.

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An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

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Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

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This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

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Use the information about the ducks on a particular farm to find out which of the statements about them must be true.

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Throughout these challenges, the touching faces of any adjacent dice must have the same number. Can you find a way of making the total on the top come to each number from 11 to 18 inclusive?

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This ladybird is taking a walk round a triangle. Can you see how much he has turned when he gets back to where he started?

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Investigate and explain the patterns that you see from recording just the units digits of numbers in the times tables.

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For this task, you'll need an A4 sheet and two A5 transparent sheets. Decide on a way of arranging the A5 sheets on top of the A4 sheet and explore ...

This article for teachers discusses examples of problems in which there is no obvious method but in which children can be encouraged to think deeply about the context and extend their ability to. . . .

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Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

In this article for primary teachers, Fran describes her passion for paper folding as a springboard for mathematics.