Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Here is a chance to create some attractive images by rotating shapes through multiples of 90 degrees, or 30 degrees, or 72 degrees or...

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?