A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?