This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is,
satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in
a circle with a unit radius?
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it,
which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that
x, y pair ?
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to
sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the
price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd
numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just
touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.
There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?
Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds
leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each
other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return,
400. . . .
Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...
What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a
pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow
paint on their faces?
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?