This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers
the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line
splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side
lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated
the difference between square numbers?
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one.
Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is
special about your results.
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?
If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has
doubled its value?
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?
All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to
sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the
price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?
How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...
Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges
have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the
product of their differences will always be an even number?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle,
sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove
the formula linking x, y and r?
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard
table and then pass through its original position?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?
Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds
leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each
other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return,
400. . . .
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd
numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...
Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a
room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest
distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?
A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of
an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .
How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?
On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the
vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just
touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.