Challenge Level

What is the sum of: $$6 + 66 + 666 + 6666 + \cdots + 666666666\cdots6$$ where there are $n$ sixes in the last term?

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Many functions, including the trigonometric and exponential functions that you meet in school, can be approximated by infinite power series and good approximations can be found using a finite number of terms. If the series is centred at zero then it can be written in the form $\Sigma_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$ where the coefficients depend on the derivative of the function at the origin. The infinite geometric series $1 + x + x^2 + \cdots $ which converges for $|x| < 1$ is the power series for the function $(1 - x )^{-1}$.

Many functions, including the trigonometric and exponential functions that you meet in school, can be approximated by infinite power series and good approximations can be found using a finite number of terms. If the series is centred at zero then it can be written in the form $\Sigma_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$ where the coefficients depend on the derivative of the function at the origin. The infinite geometric series $1 + x + x^2 + \cdots $ which converges for $|x| < 1$ is the power series for the function $(1 - x )^{-1}$.