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### Number and algebra

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# Into the Normal Distribution

This chart accurately shows the probability density functions for three normal distributions.

I estimate that the probability that a variable drawn from the blue distribution is negative is $0.25$. Can you suggest how I made this estimate? Is it likely to be an over- or under-estimate?

How about the probabilities that random variables drawn from the other distributions are negative?

My friend says that the means and variances of these normal distributions are whole numbers. Can you use your estimates to work out the values for these means and variances, using just tables and estimates? Can you specify the values exactly, or can you only specify a certain range of possibilities?

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Age 16 to 18

Challenge Level

This chart accurately shows the probability density functions for three normal distributions.

I estimate that the probability that a variable drawn from the blue distribution is negative is $0.25$. Can you suggest how I made this estimate? Is it likely to be an over- or under-estimate?

How about the probabilities that random variables drawn from the other distributions are negative?

My friend says that the means and variances of these normal distributions are whole numbers. Can you use your estimates to work out the values for these means and variances, using just tables and estimates? Can you specify the values exactly, or can you only specify a certain range of possibilities?

By exploring the concept of scale invariance, find the probability that a random piece of real data begins with a 1.

Get into the exponential distribution through an exploration of its pdf.