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# Rudolff's Problem

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Age 14 to 16

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Rudolff's book, called Coss, written in 1525, was the first German algebra book. The reason for the title is that cosa is a 'thing', a term used for the unknown. Algebraists were called cossists, and algebra the cossic art, for many years. Here is the problem:

A group of 20 people pay a total of £20 to see an exhibition. The admission price is £3 for men, £ 2 for women and 50p for children. How many men, women and children are there in the group?

To make 11 kilograms of this blend of coffee costs £15 per kilogram. The blend uses more Brazilian, Kenyan and Mocha coffee... How many kilograms of each type of coffee are used?