How to build your own magic squares.
Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know
the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number
and which numbers were removed?
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she
does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are
the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her
children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How
can she do this in order to share the money out equally?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection.
Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had
put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?
Find b where 3723(base 10) = 123(base b).
Balance the bar with the three weight on the inside.
The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect
square - can you explain why?
Attach weights of 1, 2, 4, and 8 units to the four attachment
points on the bar. Move the bar from side to side until you find a
balance point. Is it possible to predict that position?
The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square.
Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with
this property. Generalise to four integers.
Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take
three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then
add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
Can you fit polynomials through these points?
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the
numbers is always less than one plus their product?
Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic
fractions for x=2000?
Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?
A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed
and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square.
What is the 2-digit number?
Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.
The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?
A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the
greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the
If you take two tests and get a marks out of a maximum b in the first and c marks out of d in the second, does the mediant (a+c)/(b+d)lie between the results for the two tests separately.
Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .
In turn 4 people throw away three nuts from a pile and hide a
quarter of the remainder finally leaving a multiple of 4 nuts. How
many nuts were at the start?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?
Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?
Show there are exactly 12 magic labellings of the Magic W using the
numbers 1 to 9. Prove that for every labelling with a magic total T
there is a corresponding labelling with a magic total 30-T.
The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two
people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and
diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when
the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the
intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.
Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?
First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like
to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...
Use algebra to reason why 16 and 32 are impossible to create as the
sum of consecutive numbers.
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?
Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.
Three semi-circles have a common diameter, each touches the other
two and two lie inside the biggest one. What is the radius of the
circle that touches all three semi-circles?
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a
centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is
directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45
degrees. . . .
Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.
Fifteen students had to travel 60 miles. They could use a car, which could only carry 5 students. As the car left with the first 5 (at 40 miles per hour), the remaining 10 commenced hiking along the. . . .
Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?
Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?