How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

In this game the winner is the first to complete a row of three. Are some squares easier to land on than others?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Use these four dominoes to make a square that has the same number of dots on each side.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Use the 'double-3 down' dominoes to make a square so that each side has eight dots.

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page. Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number. Repeat. . . .

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.